The 5 Top Reasons for Ankle Pain from Running & Ways to Avoid It

1. Ankle Strain or Sprain

Many people don’t realize that having a lot of pain in an ankle can actually mean there is a deeper problem.

Lots of runners like to think that they are invincible, but the fact of the matter is that someone can roll their ankle at any second, and it can sometimes take up to several weeks or months to heal if serious enough.

Ankle strains and sprains are some of the most common injuries athletes experience.

A sprained ankle occurs when a runner rolls, twists, or stretches their ankle too much to the point of causing damage to the ankle ligaments, which are short and strong bands of connective tissue that keep ankle bones in place.

When damaged, ligaments need to heal properly to keep the ankle strong and stable for the future.

For a lot of people, a sprain can be more painful than a break because the muscles and ligaments are constantly in use and are stretched all the time.

Medical advice may suggest that you decrease inflammation with the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, Ibuprofen. Just make sure to consult your doctor before taking any sort of medication.

The best way to handle ankle strain or sprain after running is to rest, avoid too much walking or running, elevate the ankle above your heart, and ice the injury. Some do prefer to use heat, so it’s important to do whichever one is more comfortable for you.

Some find that wrapping athletic tape around the ankle as a means for extra support can also help relieve stress on the healing ankle ligaments, but it is best to do simple strengthening exercises to aid in the recovery process.

Injured individuals should also try to exercise and keep ligaments flexible and strong. The University of Michigan Medical School recommends stretches such as range of motion exercises. 


These can be simple things like attempting to trace each of the letters of the alphabet with one’s toes or doing toe crunches with a towel.

This video demonstrates how to do the alphabet stretches as well as a few additional exercises someone can do to improve their range of mobility.


2. Tendinitis 

According to the Mayo Clinic, tendinitis is the inflammation of a tendon. Tendons are fibrous collagen tissues that connect muscles to bone. They serve an important function throughout the body, especially in the joints.

Tendinitis has many different names in the athletic world because it is one of the most common injuries for both professionals and amateurs.

Some of these include tennis elbow, golfer’s elbow, swimmer’s shoulder, and jumper’s knee. The condition appears from regular muscle strain which occurs when someone repeats the same motion over and over again.

Tendinopathy is a lot like tendinitis, but it is a more severe version, as it is the degeneration of the collagen protein forming the tendon as opposed to just strictly inflammation.

Experts believe that tendinopathy may be just as common as tendinitis, but it often goes undiagnosed so it may be worth looking into. 

With that digression aside, let’s get back to handling tendinitis.

Like sprains, the best way to deal with active tendinitis is to take it easy for a while. This can mean not running as frequently or taking it down a notch to relax. Icing the inflamed area is also recommended for enhanced recovery.

Sufferers of severe symptoms should go see a doctor to make sure there isn’t an underlying condition causing the problem.


There are a few ways to prevent tendinitis from occurring: 

  • First, people should stretch before and after running to ensure the tendons have enough give. Runners who experience ankle pain can do the same exercises recommended to treat a sprain as seen above.
  • Second, runners can shake up their daily routine. Since the tendons get damaged during repetitive motions, people can avoid tendinitis by doing different exercises. Consistent runners can try swimming, walking, dancing, or another form of cardio to get the same benefits as running without damaging their joints further.
  • Third, athletes should try to improve the muscles which see a lot of use during exercise to strengthen the tendons. If a runner’s ankles keep hurting, it can be a sign of correspondingly weak calf muscles. To avoid this problem, the runner should try doing exercises and lifting weights to improve the strength of the calves.

3. Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome

This is a rarer cause of ankle pain than the other inclusions on this list but is still very common to see in runners. 

Tarsal tunnel syndrome occurs when the tarsal nerve in the ankle is compressed from too much pressure and use. It’s basically the ankle version of carpal tunnel syndrome.

According to Healthline, some of the symptoms of tarsal tunnel syndrome include sharp, stabbing pains around the foot and ankle, the feeling of pins and needles in the foot, and a burning sensation.

The syndrome is more likely to occur in people who have arthritis, diabetes, or previous ankle sprains and strains.

So, what can a runner do?

Unfortunately, there isn’t much that can be done to prevent it. Doctors recommend regular rest, stretching, and icing to deal with pain.

Taking at-home anti-inflammatory treatments can also help. In severe cases, surgery might be needed with a doctor’s recommendation.


4. Improper Shoes

When running shoes are worn down or not well suited for the individual it can cause a whole host of problems in the foot and ankle region.

If the foam is old or unsupportive it can place excessive strain on the muscles, bones, tendons, and ligaments.

Injuries may include plantar fasciitis, and the other injuries listed above.

Running shoes should be comfortable and match the contours of a foot. This means that while there should be room for the skin to breathe, the shoe should not move around or squeeze the flesh tightly.

Many people actually wear shoes which are too large or too small since they don’t know what footwear should feel like.

It is recommended that you get fitted for a pair of shoes at your local running store so you can get a good idea of how a running shoe should fit.

Road Runner Sports provides some good guidelines athletes can follow to find running shoes that fit properly.

These include:

  • The heel should not slip around while moving
  • The shoe should be comfortable and snug around the middle of the foot, similar to a hand gently holding it
  • There should be a thumbs width of space between the wearer’s longest toe and the tip of the shoe. This will allow for swelling in the feet to remain comfortable and also help keep toes from hitting the shoe while going downhill.

Wearing improper, worn down, or unsupportive shoes may lead to ankle injuries, so it is a well-advised idea to seek out the proper footwear.

People who can’t purchase a new pair of shoes might need to hold off on running until they can do so because messed up ligaments and tendons aren’t worth extra calorie burning and muscle building.

However, you can possibly negate some injury potential by running on softer, more forgiving surfaces like grass.


5. Overuse

Believe it or not, it is EASY to run TOO much. Too much exercise can sap the muscles and make people more prone to injuries like sprains, strain, and inflammation.

To avoid this problem, the only thing runners can really do is take a break from more rigorous exercise.

Instead of going for a 5-mile run, an individual could take a short jog or go for a brisk walk. If the pain persists, then it might be time to rest for a few days.

To scratch the itch for exercise, one can always hop on the bike, do some yoga, or even enjoy a little core workout. These should only be done without pain.

Conclusion

Ankle pain is common in runners and shouldn’t be ignored. Sufferers should take a break from more rigorous exercises, elevate the ankle above your heart, ice or apply heat to the joint, and in general, take it easy for a few days to make sure the pain doesn’t worsen.

So if your ankle hurts after running and it doesn’t go away after some rest and rehab at home, then it might be time to see a doctor, make sure there isn’t any serious injury.